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Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...

Supported employment for adults with severe mental illness

Kinoshita, Y., et al To review the effectiveness of supported employment compared with other approaches to vocational rehabilitation or treatment as usual People with mental health problems experience high rates of unemployment. There are various schemes ...

Withdrawal versus continuation of chronic antipsychotic drugs for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia

Declercq, T., et al To evaluate whether withdrawal of antipsychotic agents is successful in older people with dementia in community or nursing home settings, to list the different strategies for withdrawal of antipsychotic agents in older people with deme ...

Rimonabant for overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C Management of overweight and obesity Rimonabant is the first drug of a new class of medications that seems to reduce body weight and improve risk factors for diseases of the blood vessels and heart in people who are overweight or obese. ...

Workplace interventions for preventing work disability

van Oostrom, S.H. et al Workplace interventions on work-related outcomes and health outcomes Work disability has serious consequences for all stakeholders and society. Workplace interventions are considered appropriate to facilitate return to work by redu ...

Psychosocial interventions for the prevention of disability following traumatic physical injury

De Silva, M. et al Psychosocial interventions Traumatic physical injury can result in many disabling sequelae including physical and mental health problems and impaired social functioning. The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of psychosoc ...

Interventions for smoking cessation and reduction in individuals with schizophrenia

Tsoi, D.T., Porwal, M. and Webster, A.C. Smoking cessation Patients with schizophrenia smoke more heavily than the general population and this contributes to their higher morbidity and mortality from smoking-related illnesses. It remains unclear what inte ...

Antidepressants for generalized anxiety disorder

Kapczinski, F.F.K. et al Anxiety disorder Pharmacological treatments have been successfully used to treat Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Benzodiazepine and non benzodiazepine anxiolytics used to be the mainstay for the pharmacological treatment of GA ...

Cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents

James, A.A.C.J., Soler, A. and Weatherall, R.R.W. Anxiety disorder Childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders are relatively common, occurring in between 5-18% of all children and adolescents. They are associated with significant morbidity and impairment ...

Combined pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Hetrick, S.E., Purcell, R., Garner, B. and Parslow, R. Anxiety disorder PTSD is an anxiety disorder related to exposure to a severe psychological trauma. Symptoms include re-experiencing the event, avoidance and arousal as well as distress and impairment ...

Exercise in prevention and treatment of anxiety and depression among children and young people

Larun, L. et al Anxiety disorder Depression and anxiety are common psychological disorders for children and adolescents. Psychological (e.g. psychotherapy), psychosocial (e.g. cognitive behavioral therapy) and biological (e.g. SSRIs or tricyclic drugs) tr ...

Pharmacotherapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents

Ipser, J.C., Stein, D.J., Hawkridge, S. and Hoppe, L. Anxiety disorder Anxiety disorders are a potentially disabling group of disorders which are prevalent in childhood and adolescence. The recognition of the early onset of anxiety disorders, and their su ...

Pharmacotherapy for social anxiety disorder

Stein, D.J., Ipser, J.C. and van Balkom, A.J. Anxiety disorder Social phobia (SP), or social anxiety disorder, is a prevalent and disabling disorder. The growing evidence of the disorder's neurobiological basis has stimulated an increased interest in ...

Alternatives to inpatient mental health care for children and young people

Shepperd, S. et al Mental health services Current policy in the UK and elsewhere places emphasis on the provision of mental health services in the least restrictive setting, whilst also recognising that some children will require inpatient care. As a resu ...

Mother and baby units for schizophrenia

Irving, C.B. and Saylan, M. Mental health services Mother and baby units (MBUs) are recommended, in the UK, as an optimal site for treating post partum psychoses. Naturalistic studies suggest poor outcomes for mothers and their children if admission is ne ...

Pharmacologic treatment of depression in multiple sclerosis

Koch, M.W. et al Depression Depression is a common problem in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is unclear which pharmacologic treatment is the most effective and the least harmful. The objective of this review is to investigate the efficacy and t ...

Behavioural and cognitive behavioural therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder in children and adolescents

O'Kearney, R.T., Anstey, K., von Sanden, C. andHunt, A. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Background This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 4, 2006. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children an ...

School-Based Programs to Reduce Bullying and Victimization

Farrington, D.P. and Ttofi, M.M. Bullying in schools School bullying has serious short-term and long-term effects on children’s physical and mental health. Various anti-bullying programs have been implemented world wide and, more rarely, evaluated. Previo ...

Physical activity programs for persons with dementia

Forbes, D., Forbes, S., Morgan, D. G., Markle-Reid, M., Wood, J. and Culum, I. Study of the effectiveness of physical activity programs in managing or improving cognition, function, behaviour, depression, and mortality in people with dementia There is som ...

Prevention of suicide and suicidal behaviour in adolescents

Stevens, M., Bond, L., Pryce, C., Roberts, H. M. and Stephen Platt, S. Review of interventions for the prevention of suicide in youmg people The objectives of the intervention are: 1. To determine whether school, community, primary health-care or other in ...