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Smoking and Weight Change After New Health Diagnoses in Older Adults

Archives of Internal Medicine Research on smoking cessation Smoking and patterns of diet and activity are the 2 leading underlying causes of death in the United States, yet the factors that prompt individuals to adopt healthier habits are not well underst ...

The effect of obesity combined with low muscle strength on decline in mobility in older persons

S Stenholm, D Alley, S Bandinelli, M E Griswold, S Koskinen, T Rantanen, J M Guralnik and L Ferrucci1 Research on the effect of obesity on the mobility of older people Both obesity and muscle impairment are increasingly prevalent among older persons and n ...

Vegetables and nuts come out top for heart health

A. Mente, L. de Koning, H.S. Shannon, S.S. Anand A report to show that a Mediterranean diet, rich iS associated with a lower risk for heart disease According to findings published in this week's Archives of Internal Medicine, modest relationships wer ...

Sim1 Haploinsufficiency Impairs Melanocortin-Mediated Anorexia and Activation of Paraventricular Nucleus Neurons

Kublaoui, B. et al Research study on analysis of a gene implicated in human monogenic obesity Single-minded 1 (SIM1) is one of only six genes implicated in human monogenic obesity. Haploinsufficiency of this hypothalamic transcription factor is associated ...

SCOPE

International Association for the Study of Obesity (IASO) Obesity education and management SCOPE stands for the Specialist Certification in Obesity Professional Education. SCOPE is IASO's official obesity education programme, designed for all health ...

Physical activity promotion in socially disadvantaged groups: principles for action

World Health Organization (WHO) Physical activity Over the past few years, physical activity promotion has increasingly been recognized in Europe as a priority for public health action and many countries have responded through the development of policies ...

Physical activity promotion in socially disadvantaged groups: principles for action. Policy summary

World Health Organization (WHO) Physical activity Over the past few years, the promotion of physical activity has been more widely recognized as a priority for public health action in Europe and many countries have responded by developing policies and int ...

The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review

Galbraith-Emami, S. and Lobstein, T. Food and drink advertising In response to increasing evidence that advertising of foods and beverages affects children's food choices and food intake, several national governments and many of the world's larg ...

Country implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes: Status Report 2011

World Health Organization (WHO) Breast-milk substitutes Globally, breastfeeding has the potential to prevent 220 000 deaths among children under five each year. WHO recommends that all infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of li ...

The non-advertising effects of screen-based sedentary activities on acute eating behaviours in children, adolescents, and young adults. A systematic review.

Marsh, S., Mhurchu, CN. and Maddison, R. childhood obesity Sedentary screen time may be an important determinant of childhood obesity. A number of potential mechanisms to explain the link between screen time and increased bodyweight have been proposed; ho ...

Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review

Vollmer, R. and Mobley, AR childhood obesity With recommendations to include parents as targets for childhood obesity interventions, there is a need to review the relationship of general parenting influences on childhood obesity. Therefore, the aim of thi ...

Supraglottic airway devices versus tracheal intubation for airway management during general anaesthesia in obese patients

Nicholson, A., et al To examine whether supraglottic airway devices can be used as a safe and effective alternative to tracheal intubation in securing the airway during general anaesthesia in obese patients (with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2) Pat ...

Designing Healthy Communities

Jackson, R.J. and Sinclair, S. Sustainable development Designing Healthy Communities, the companion book to the acclaimed public television documentary, highlights how we design the built environment and its potential for addressing and preventing many of ...

Psychological interventions for overweight or obesity

Shaw KA, O'Rourke P, Del Mar C, Kenardy J Management of overweight and obesity Several psychological methods are used to try and help people who are overweight or obese to lose weight. This review found that cognitive behaviour therapy and behaviour ...

Rimonabant for overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C Management of overweight and obesity Rimonabant is the first drug of a new class of medications that seems to reduce body weight and improve risk factors for diseases of the blood vessels and heart in people who are overweight or obese. ...

Surgery for Obesity

Colquitt JL, Picot J, Loveman E, Clegg AJ Management of overweight and obesity Obesity is associated with many health problems and a higher risk of death. Bariatric (weight loss) surgery for obesity is usually only considered when all other treatments hav ...

Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C, Veras R Management of overweight and obesity Rigorous scientific evidence linking overweight or obesity with increased risk for stroke is missing. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many ...

Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity

Baker, P.R.A., et al Physical activity interventions Multi-strategic community wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular but their ability to achieve population level improvements is unknown. The objective of this review is to eval ...

Pharmacotherapy for weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al Weight management Obesity is closely related to type 2 diabetes and long-term weight reduction is an important part of the care delivered to obese persons with diabetes. The objective of this review is to assess the efficacy of pharmaco ...

Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk

Brunner, E. et al Heart disease Changes in population diet are likely to reduce cardiovascular disease and cancer, but the effect of dietary advice is uncertain. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of providing dietary advice to achieve ...