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WHO health topic: women's health.

Being a man or a woman has a significant impact on health, as a result of both biological and gender-related differences. The health of women and girls is of particular concern because, in many societies, they are disadvantaged by discrimination rooted in ...

A remote access CT colonography training system

Luauté, Vincent; Diseases; Radiography, medical; Computed tomography colonography (CTC) is emerging as an alternative to conventional colonoscopy (CC). However CTC is not yet in widespread use due in part to the lack of suitably trained radiologists. We h ...

Effect of acute exercise on postprandial lipemia and biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation in normal weight and overweight adolescents

MacEneaney, Owen; Exercise; Health; Sports sciences; exercise; adolescents; obesity; endothelium; postprandial; Elevated postprandial lipemia (PPL) is associated with impaired endothelial function, an increase in adhesion molecule expression and inflammat ...

The role of a nurse-led vascular risk reduction clinic in diabetes care

Mac Mahon Tone, Jacqueline; Nursing; Background and Aims Type 2 diabetes is characterised by excess vascular morbidity and mortality. Intensive vascular risk reduction in type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria has been shown to significantly reduc ...

How employers can face up to and enforce high standards of health and safety

Byrne, Raymond; Management; health and safety; workplace; This paper outlines the high standard to which employers must aspire in order to achieve compliance with their statutory responsibilities under the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 1989 and t ...

Investigation of molecular and cellular events associated with beta cell function and elucidation of extracellular RNAs as potential biomarker for diabetes

Rani, Sweta; Diseases; diabetes; Diabetes is a chronic disorder of glucose metabolism and a major cause of premature mortality. The potential use of replacement beta cells as therapy for diabetes requires an ability to culture such cells while maintaining ...

Living on the borderline- an evaluation of the client impact and active ingredients of dialectical behaviour therapy for borderline personality disorder in Irish adult mental health settings

Bayley, Austin; Mental health; borderline personality disorder; dialectical behaviour therapy; The research evaluated the client impact and active ingredients of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) in three Adult ...

Review: Travellers and Roma- education and health issues

Macri, Gloria; Education; Health; Ethnicity; Travellers; Roma; Research and Evaluation Report http://doras.dcu.ie/2387/ © Public Article RIAN Yes Review: Travellers and Roma- education and health issues Macri, Gloria; Education; Health; Ethnicity; Travell ...

Development of taxane resistance in a panel of human lung cancer cell lines

Breen, Laura; Murphy, Lisa; Keenan, Joanne; Clynes, Martin; Cancer; lung cancer; drug resistance; taxol; taxotere; Using a selection process designed to reflect clinically relevant conditions, a panel of taxane-selected variants were developed to study fu ...

Automatic segmentation of skin cancer images using adaptive color clustering

Ilea, Dana E.; Whelan, Paul F.; Cancer; Image processing; skin cancer; image segmentation; adaptive-SKM; diffusion-based filtering; This paper presents the development of an adaptive image segmentation algorithm designed for the identification of the skin ...

A novel technique for reducing false positive detections in CAD-CTC

Sadleir, Robert; Image processing; Cancer; colon cancer; polyp; CTC; curvature; CAD; Computed tomography colonoscopy (CTC) is an emerging alternative to conventional colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening. A series of computer assisted diagnosis (CAD ...

Transforming participation?: a comparative study of state and civil society agency within national development processes in Malawi and Ireland

Gaynor, Niamh; Sociology; Africa; Malawi; Ireland; North and South; Participatory governance; Poverty Reduction Strategy Programme; PRSP; Civil Society; Participation; Partnership; Globalisation; Governance; Social Partnership.; In the context of growing ...

Unravelling the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of dietary fatty acids

Dowling, Jennifer K.; Biotechnology; Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA); Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been shown to modulate immune responses and have therapeutic effects in inflammatory disorders. The specific mechanisms of their actions have ...

Policy and Programme Responses to Urban Social Exclusion 1990-2000: a Selective European Cross Country Comparative Study

Gallagher, Caren, (Thesis); Poverty; Sociology; Historically, poverty has been a deeply embedded reality within society, its nature and extent altering, over time, in response to shifts in socio-economic conditions, political ideology and value system. Po ...

Metal-induced bystander effects: mechanism and implications.

Cogan, Nicola, (Thesis); radiation; radiation induced; bystander effect; Biological and Chemical Physics; The radiation-induced bystander effect is a phenomenon known to occur post irradiation, characterised by the induction of biological effects in unirr ...

Do differences in the administrative structure of populations confound comparisons of geographic health inequalities?

JACKSON, ANDREW; population health; public health; Background: Geographical health inequalities are naturally described by the variation in health outcomes between areas (e.g. mortality rates). However, comparisons made between countries are hampered by o ...

A frailty instrument for primary care: findings from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE).

LAWLOR, BRIAN; KENNY, ROSE ANNE; WALSH, CATHAL DOMINIC; ROMERO ORTUNO, ROMAN; Gerontology; frailty paradigm; Background: A frailty paradigm would be useful in primary care to identify older people at risk, but appropriate metrics at that level are lacking ...

Environmental Health Organisations against Tobacco

Byrne, Miriam; Tobacco control; Health professionals; Environmental health; Enforcement; Anti tobacco policy making; Physics; Mental Health Collection Research and Evaluation Report http://hdl.handle.net/10379/1322 © Public Article RIAN Yes Environmental ...

An Analysis of Hydrological Model Uncertainty at the Local Stage of a Climate Change Impact Assessment in the Suir Catchment

Murphy, Nuala; Geography; Hydrological Model Uncertainty; Climate Change Impact Assessment; Suir Catchment; Climate Change; Ireland; This thesis presents an analysis of uncertainty at the local stage of a climate impact assessment. Impact model structural ...

Rethinking global health research: towards integrative expertise

MAC LACHLAN, MALCOLM; Psychology; The Bamako Call for Action on Research for Health stresses the importance of inter-disciplinary, inter-ministerial and inter-sectoral working. This challenges much of our current research and postgraduate research trainin ...