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Impact of prostate cancer testing: an evaluation of the emotional consequences of a negative biopsy result

Creator:

Northern Ireland Cancer Network (NICaN)

Type: Article
Region: Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland
Description:

Impact of prostate cancer testing: an evaluation of the emotional consequences of a negative biopsy result  Background:When testing for prostate cancer, as many as 75% of men with a raised prostate-specific antigen (PSA) have a benign biopsy result. Little is known about the psychological effect of this result for these men.Methods:In all, 330 men participating in the prostate testing for cancer and treatment (ProtecT) study were studied; aged 50–69 years with a PSA level of 3 ng ml−1 and a negative biopsy result. Distress and negative mood were measured at four time-points: two during diagnostic testing and two after a negative biopsy result.Results:The majority of men were not greatly affected by testing or a negative biopsy result. The impact on psychological health was highest at the time of the biopsy, with around 20% reporting high distress (33 out of 171) and tense/anxious moods (35 out of 180). Longitudinal analysis on 195 men showed a significant increase in distress at the time of the biopsy compared with levels at the PSA test (difference in Impact of Events Scale (IES) score: 9.47; 95% confidence interval (CI) (6.97, 12.12); P<0.001). These levels remained elevated immediately after the negative biopsy result (difference in score: 7.32; 95% CI (5.51, 9.52); P<0.001) and 12 weeks later (difference in score: 2.42; 95% CI (0.50, 1.15); P=0.009). Psychological mood at the time of PSA testing predicted high levels of distress and anxiety at subsequent time-points.Conclusions:Most men coped well with the testing process, although a minority experienced elevated distress at the time of biopsy and after a negative result. Men should be informed of the risk of distress relating to diagnostic uncertainty before they consent to PSA testing. .

Date:

12/04/2010

Rights: Public
Suggested citation:

Northern Ireland Cancer Network (NICaN). (2010) Impact of prostate cancer testing: an evaluation of the emotional consequences of a negative biopsy result [Online]. Available from: http://www.thehealthwell.info/node/9894 [Accessed: 18th January 2019].

  

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Contributor:

Northern Ireland Cancer Network (NICaN)
 
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