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Self-Reported Physical Activity, Sedentary behavior and Body Mass Index Among US Asian Indian Women

06 Feb 2015

Background: Asian Indian immigrants are at greater risk for morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease and diabetes and have been shown to have lower levels of physical activity. Aims: To (1) identify the self-reported levels of five different types of activity (job-related physical activity, transportation physical activity, household physical activity, leisure time physical activity and sedentary activity), and body mass index (BMI) in US Asian Indian women and (2) assess the relationships between five activity types and BMI among US Asian Indian women. Subjects and Methods: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to survey a convenience sample of Asian Indian women (N = 262). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation. Results. Ages ranged from 21-58 with a mean of 34.7 years (SD = 8.1), and most were partnered, held college degrees, were employed, had no comorbidities, and were immigrants. Majority of respondents fell into the lowest quintile for all activity domains and the highest quintile for sedentary activity, with 26% categorized as overweight and 38% categorized as obese based on World Health Organization criteria for Asian populations. Transportation physical activity was correlated with BMI (r = 0.03, p = 0.05). Conclusions. Although most study participants met government physical activity recommendations, the predominance of overweight and obesity suggests that some types of PA may not achieve the frequency or intensity required to realize positive health benefits. To achieve effective improvements, it may be more important to encourage specific leisure-time physical activities that also are culturally acceptable.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in Journal of Medical Research and Practice