menu ☰
menu ˟

Norwegian trends in numbers of lower extremity revascularisations and amputations including regional trends in endovascular treatments for peripheral arterial disease: a retrospective cross-sectional registry study from 2001 to 2014

14 Nov 2017

Objective

The numbers of lower extremity revascularisations and amputations are insufficiently reported in Norway. To support future policy decisions regarding the provision of vascular treatment, knowledge of such trends is important.

Methods

This retrospective cross-sectional study from 2001 to 2014 used data from the Norwegian Patient Registry. The revascularisation treatments were categorised in multilevel, aortoiliac, femoral to popliteal and popliteal to foot levels and sorted as open, endovascular and hybrid. The sessions in amputations were divided in major (thigh and below knee) and minor (ankle, foot or digit). Incidence rates were assessed per 100 000 for patients in the age group >60 years. The diabetic prevalence was calculated and the endovascular numbers at the South-Eastern, Western, Central and Northern Norway Regional Health Authority were compared.

Results

The overall revascularisation rates increased from 308.7 to 366.8 (p=0.02). Open revascularisations decreased from 158.9 to 98.7 (p<0.01) while endovascular revascularisations increased from 142.2 to 243.4 (p<0.01). Hybrid revascularisations increased from 7.4 to 24.8 (p<0.01). Major amputation rates decreased from 87.8 to 48.7 (p<0.01) while minor amputations increased from 12.3 to 19.6 (p=0.01). The diabetic percentages increased from 12.2 to 22.3 (p<0.01) in revascularisations, from 26.5 to 30.8 (p=0.02) in major amputations and from 43.0 to 49.3 (p=0.13) in minor. (p values refer to average annual changes.) The regional trends in endovascular treatments varied within and between the vascular groups.

Conclusion

From 2001 to 2014, the revascularisation rates increased due to the rise in endovascular procedures. Open revascularisations and major amputation rates decreased, minor increased. The regional variances in endovascular treatments indicate that the availability of this technology differed between the health regions of Norway. The increase in patients with diabetes requires continued awareness of diabetes and its complications.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in BMJ Open