menu ☰
menu ˟

An integrated individual, community, and structural intervention to reduce HIV/STI risks among female sex workers in China

04 Aug 2013

Background:
We assessed the effectiveness of an integrated individual, community, and structural intervention to reduce risks of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs).
Methods:
Integrated individual, community, and structural interventions were implemented from 2004 to 2009 in six counties of Shandong Province. Post-intervention cross-sectional surveys were conducted in six intervention counties and 10 control counties.
Results:
Of 3326 female sex workers were recruited and analyzed in the post-intervention survey with 1157 from intervention sites and 2169 from control sites. No HIV positive was found in both intervention and control counties. The rate of syphilis was 0.17% for intervention sites and 1.89% for control sites (OR = 11.1, 95%CI: 2.7, 46.1). After adjusted for age, marital status, education, economic condition, recruitment venues, the rates of condom use in the last sex with clients(AOR = 2.7; 95%CI:1.9, 3.8), with regular sex partners(AOR = 1.5; 95%CI:1.1, 1.9) and consistent condom use in the last month with clients (AOR = 3.3; 95%CI: 2.6, 4.1) and regular sex partners (AOR = 1.7; 95%CI: 1.3, 2.3) were significantly higher in intervention sites than that in control sites. The proportion of participants correctly answered at least six out of eight HIV-related questions (83.3%) in intervention sites is significant higher than that (21.9%) in control sites (AOR = 24.7; 95%CI:2.5, 42.7), the five indicators related to HIV-related intervention services ever received in the last year including HIV testing(AOR = 4.9; 95%CI: 2.8, 6.7), STD examination and/or treatment(AOR = 5.1; 95%CI:4.2, 6.4), free condom(AOR = 20.3; 95%CI:14.3, 28.9), peer education(AOR = 4.3; 95%CI:3.5, 5.4), education materials(AOR = 19.8; 95%CI:13.1, 29.8) were significantly higher in intervention sites than that in control sites, the participants in the intervention sites are more likely to seek medical treatment when they had any disorders (AOR = 3.2; 95%CI:2.5, 4.2).
Conclusion:
This study found that the integrated individual, community, and structural interventions showed positive impact in reducing HIV and STI risks among FSWs.

Date: 
4 August 2013

Click here to view the full article which appeared in