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IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3650: The Role of Marketing Practices and Tobacco Control Initiatives on Smokeless Tobacco Sales, 2005–2010

28 Sep 2019

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3650: The Role of Marketing Practices and Tobacco Control Initiatives on Smokeless Tobacco Sales, 2005–2010

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16193650

Authors:
Mary Hrywna
Irina B. Grafova
Cristine D. Delnevo

Background: Little is known about how policies and industry activities impact smokeless tobacco demand. We examined how tobacco control policies and retail promotion may affect smokeless tobacco sales. Methods: We used Nielsen market-level retail scanner data for smokeless tobacco sales in convenience stores in 30 US regions from 2005 to 2010. Tobacco policy variables, including excise taxes, state tobacco control program expenditures, and clean indoor air laws, were merged to Nielsen markets. We estimated regression models for per capita unit sales. Results: Higher cigarette tax was significantly associated with lower sales volume of smokeless tobacco. Sales of smokeless tobacco in markets with a weight-based SLT excise tax were higher than in markets with an ad valorem tax. A higher average product price was associated with decreased sales overall but results varied by package quantity and brand. Conclusions: This study observed that smokeless tobacco products were both complements and substitutes to cigarettes. Thus, smokeless tobacco may act as complements for some population segments and substitutes for others. A weight-based tax generally favors premium smokeless tobacco products.

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