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IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2469: Healthy Diets in Rural Victoria—Cheaper than Unhealthy Alternatives, Yet Unaffordable

05 Nov 2018

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2469: Healthy Diets in Rural Victoria—Cheaper than Unhealthy Alternatives, Yet Unaffordable

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15112469

Authors:
Penelope Love
Jillian Whelan
Colin Bell
Felicity Grainger
Cherie Russell
Meron Lewis
Amanda Lee

Rural communities experience higher rates of obesity and reduced food security compared with urban communities. The perception that healthy foods are expensive contributes to poor dietary choices. Providing an accessible, available, affordable healthy food supply is an equitable way to improve the nutritional quality of the diet for a community, however, local food supply data are rarely available for small rural towns. This study used the Healthy Diets ASAP tool to assess price, price differential and affordability of recommended (healthy) and current diets in a rural Local Government Area (LGA) (pop ≈ 7000; 10 towns) in Victoria, Australia. All retail food outlets were surveyed (n = 40). The four most populous towns had supermarkets; remaining towns had one general store each. Seven towns had café/take-away outlets, and all towns had at least one hotel/pub. For all towns the current unhealthy diet was more expensive than the recommended healthy diet, with 59.5% of the current food budget spent on discretionary items. Affordability of the healthy diet accounted for 30–32% of disposable income. This study confirms that while a healthy diet is less expensive than the current unhealthier diet, affordability is a challenge for rural communities. Food security is reduced further with restricted geographical access, a limited healthy food supply, and higher food prices.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health