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IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 158: Restricted Social Engagement among Adults Living with Chronic Conditions

19 Jan 2018

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 158: Restricted Social Engagement among Adults Living with Chronic Conditions

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15010158

Authors:
Kayla Meek
Caroline Bergeron
Samuel Towne
SangNam Ahn
Marcia Ory
Matthew Smith

Background: Social engagement is key to health and quality of life. Little is known about social engagement patterns of middle-aged and older adults who live with one or more chronic illnesses. This study investigated social engagement restrictions among middle-aged and older adults with chronic conditions and factors associated with these restrictions. Methods: Cross-sectional representative data from the National Council on Aging Chronic Care Survey were examined for relationships between social engagement restrictions and chronic conditions, health status, support, quality of life implications, self-care barriers, caregiving, and demographics. Associations were tested using bivariate analyses and binary logistic regression. Results: Participants were 793 middle-aged (age 44–64) and older adults (age 65+) with one or more chronic conditions. Factors associated with social engagement restrictions included having higher education, receiving care, having more physician visits and hospitalizations, being disabled, being unemployed, and having higher Emotional and Physical Problems Scale scores. Conclusions: Findings reveal the prevalence of social engagement restrictions among middle-aged and older adults with chronic conditions. Results highlight the importance of promoting research, assessments, and interventions to increase social engagement among this aging population.

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