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Disaster nursing knowledge in earthquake response and relief among Nepalese nurses working in government and non-government sector

11 Jul 2016

Background: Recently, the disasters in Nepal as elsewhere has caused a large number of deaths, injury and left hundreds of thousands of people homeless. It has also alerted all nurses to be prepared with adequate knowledge in order to respond to a disaster event effectively. This descriptive study aimed to describe and compare the level of knowledge in an earthquake disaster among Nepalese nurses working in government and non-government hospitals.

Methods: Three hundred working registered nurses (RNs) were randomly selected from fourteen government and four non-governmental hospitals located in different parts of Nepal. Nurses’ knowledge in earthquake disaster was obtained through self-reported questionnaires. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.

Results: The majority of the RNs worked in government hospitals (63.2%), more than half (59%) of the respondents had diploma level of education with the majority (66.3%) of them working in a hospital for less than six years. Two thirds (78%) had never attended disaster training drills and nearly half (47.7%) of the RNs determined that they themselves were not ready to face a future disaster. The knowledge of the RNs regarding earthquake disaster was at a moderate level (70.07 ± 10.01). The lowest score of nurses’ knowledge was related to assessment and triage in earthquake disaster response. Nurses working in governmental hospitals have a higher mean score of knowledge than those working in non-governmental hospitals (P < .05).

Conclusion: A disaster nursing training course should be provided for nurses particularly in non-governmental hospitals who had never received disaster training which will improve their knowledge in order to respond to future disasters.

 

Click here to view the full article which appeared in Journal of Nursing Education and Practice